Posts Tagged ‘word of mouth’


The New World of Word Of Mouth




La importancia de los líderes de opinión online


Autor: Idil Cakim, Director of Knowledge Development, Burson- Marsteller (Fragmento del libro Connected Marketing)

Bruson-Marsteller nombra a los líderes de opinión o influenciadores online como e-influentials, ya que considera a éstos como miembros de una audencia potente y conectada.

Internet ha dejado de ser un abismo de conversaciones sin sentido. La investigación online puede ayudarnos a identificar los líderes de opinón, hacer un seguimiento de su compartamiento e ilustrar de esta manera el funcionamiento del Word of Mouth. A su vez las prácticas del marketing online pueden extender su vida útil a través de campañas virales, teniendo en cuenta los intereses de estos líderes de opinión (e-influentials) para ganar confianza y afianzar los lazos de comunicación hacia seguidores reales y potenciales. ¿Porqué su importancia?

  • Los líderes de opinión online (e-influentials) son personas influenciadoras y difusoras de la información en Internet. Ellos deberían ser una prioridad de alto nivel en la creación de campañas virales o Word of Mouth.
  • Los e-influentials hacen un 10% de la población online de Estados Unidos y son identificables por sus frecuentes y extensivos hábitos de comunicación.
  • En promedio, los e-influentials compartirán su experiencia de marca con otras 14 personas.
  • Los e-influentials son personas que cuentan con un alto nivel de confianza. La gente en general es más abierta a recibir y leer información de una empresa, marca o producto proveniente de un líder de opinión online.
  • Las empresas deberían enfocarse en iniciativas de CRM para establecer relaciones favorales con los e-influentials, solicitando a éstos, feedback acerca de determinados productos o servicios.

El secreto del boca-oreja


Cuando oyen ‘boca a boca’, no pueden dejar de ver torsos húmedos y bañadores rojos

Los correveidiles han sido los tradicionales portadores de chismes, especialistas en susurrar al oído indebido el secreto que no debía oír. En cambio, cuando una noticia tiene relevancia social, decimos que se propaga de boca en boca.Esa, y no otra, es la expresión que se emplea en castellano para nombrar la difusión de las nuevas que se limitan al ámbito de las relaciones sociales y que no llegan a los medios de comunicación.

El diccionario académico también da carta de naturaleza a otra forma: a boca,con el sentido de oralidad, verbalmente o de palabra. Y añade, con el mismo significado, boca a boca.Sí, cierto es que el boca a boca es también una de las prácticas básicas de los primeros auxilios. Pero también es verdad que cuando las novedades se difunden de boca en boca es que funciona el boca a boca.

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Dr Martin Oetting explains why online marketing needs to become WOM advocacy


Article created by Word of Mouth UK Association:

Dr Martin Oetting from trnd presenting his doctoral thesis The Ripple Effect, Martin has written us an exclusive blog post about how online marketing is migrating to a focus on word of mouth.

Online marketing is all about data: clicks, hits, downloads, visits. Consumers are no longer strolling incognito but on digitally supervised grounds. They leave countless traces that savvy marketers mine, analyse, understand and leverage – to divide the audience into little pieces, turn them into handy segments, provide each and everyone with their own click-path, most conducive to purchase. This number-crunching game, undoubtedly, must be the online marketing story. Right?

Personally, I don’t believe this. I don’t believe that modern marketing is made most exciting by the sheer amount of data that we collect and mess with. Yes, this is amazing, but I think the wonder of the web, with regards to online marketing, lies somewhere else.

I think the real story is this: On the web, a Mom and Pop store can scale.

Let me explain. Word of mouth is thought to be the most powerful force in marketing. A number of researchers have found that there is an interesting factor that stimulates it: better, closer relationships between a company and its customers. It seems like a no-brainer (of course I’ll recommend the friendly guy more often than the idiot), but no one was interested in this research from a mass marketing perspective – after all, it sounds like advice you give a local restaurant or your favourite barber’s shop. If you are Unilever, Volkswagen or Barcley’s Bank, you cannot worry about forging real relationships with your customers. You have millions of them, and you’re too busy devising cunning advertising strategies, to reach each one of them at least 17 times over. So that they finally remember that one ad which “penetrates your strategic position deeply into the target group“ (or something like that). Under these circumstances, there is no way to build real relationships like the little corner shop can.

Prof. Robin Dunbar agreed. In 1992, he proposed what became known as Dunbar’s Number. As he was researching the cognitive capacity of humans, he estimated that a normal human being can have and maintain something like 150 meaningful relationships. On average, our brains are not capable of really keeping track of more people than that. Close or not so close ties with 150 people seems reasonable: they range from your spouse (as, arguably, the closest) all the way to the guy down the pub with whom you have a brief chat every so often but don’t remember his last name (as number 150). Now let us say a marketing department of a large multinational has 35 employees. Taken together, they can then maintain relationships with 5,250 people (35 times 150). If they market to millions, that seems awfully little. Besides, most of these 5,250 people are their friends (“Art, don’t start with that marketing bullshit of yours again.“). No way to heed the Academics’ advice, to stimulate word of mouth through relationships.

And then the web happened.

Let’s have a look. You now have a LinkedIn profile, two email accounts, a blog, a Facebook page, and you’re on Twitter. If we assume that you are really actively using these tools, and if we take all of these devices together, to count the number of people with whom you are in touch, know of, hear from every now and then, might look up in your account and remember, reply to on Twitter, briefly: engage with in some way, we might easily conclude that your number reaches 1,500 people. Maybe more.

In other words: the web allows us to multiply Dunbar’s number by ten. (And you don’t need to be Robert Scoble for that – he’s probably closer to 100 times Dunbar.) Now let’s go back to the fictitious marketing department from above, and let’s assume that each of the 35 employees actively and passionately use the tools I mentioned. Then they can – taken together – create, build and maintain relationships with 52,500 people. Relationships in which they show that the company listens. Provides answers. Is caring. Understands its customers. Admits faults and rights them. Responds. Just like, in former times, only Mom and Pop could, in the little cobbler’s shop on the corner of the street. The web allows us to scale up these relationships. To a level where it becomes interesting for the largest marketers around.

Because what’s going to happen? 52,500 people in that market become its distributed network of communication hubs – people who know the company. Who will defend the company in times of trouble. Who are out there in the market, who listen and report back what’s going on. Who can have an influence on the buying decisions of ten people each – that’s 525,000 potential new customers!

And rather than wasting another day in yet another strategy meeting, or pouring over the umpteenth market research deck, the marketing people can actually start to do real marketing – by learning from the world around them, by taking that insight into the company, and helping to turn it into the type of product that the world out there is waiting for.

I believe that is the real power of online marketing.


Global Advertising: Consumers Trust Real Friends and Virtual Strangers the Most


Hereby a very interesting study of Nielsen – I wonder how he could have forgot to publish it…

Recommendations from personal acquaintances or opinions posted by consumers online are the most trusted forms of advertising, according to the latest Nielsen Global Online Consumer Survey of over 25,000 Internet consumers from 50 countries.

Ninety percent or consumers surveyed noted that they trust recommendations from people they know, while 70 percent trusted consumer opinions posted online.

“The explosion in Consumer Generated Media over the last couple of years means consumers’ reliance on word of mouth in the decision-making process, either from people they know or online consumers they don’t, has increased significantly,” says Jonathan Carson, President of Online, International, for the Nielsen Company.”

However, in this new age of consumer control, advertisers will be encouraged by the fact that brand websites are trusted at that same 70 percent level as online consumer opinions.

trust_in_advertising marketing participativo word of mouth

Fuente: NielsenWire


El marketing participativo es el nuevo estándar en marketing


(Artículo de Bárbara Gallotta de Lastinfoo)

Cuando hablamos de marketing participativo nos estamos refiriendo a una estrategia de marketing que recurre a multiplicadores de información, encarnados en líderes de opinión, difusores de tendencias, especialistas con peso mediático o, simplemente, consumidores satisfechos.

La divulgación del producto o servicio o recurre a la campaña de marketing participativo se realiza de forma voluntaria por los difusores, surge de un interés genuino por su parte en propagar, en recomendar, en promocionar algo en lo que realmente creen. Viejo conocido, el boca-oreja, de boca en boca, el word-of-mouth, el buzz buzz.

La virtud principal del marketing participativo, según muchos expertos, es la credibilidad: el que recomienda lo hace desde su propia satisfacción o experticia. ¿Por qué no íbamos a creerle si no está trabajando para la marca?

“En la actualidad, y frente a la pérdida de credibilidad que sufren los medios convencionales, está demostrado que la alternativa más fiable para una buena estrategia de marketing es la generación de recomendaciones entre consumidores, canalizándola y estructurándola a través de estrategias de Marketing Participativo.”, de esta manera explica la creciente importancia del marketing participativo.

Las posibilidades del boca-oreja son varias:

Buzz marketing: el rumor crece por medio del intercambio de persona a persona.
Viral marketing: los mensajes se difunden en la red.
Community marketing: supone la existencia de un grupo un grupo o comunidad de fansde una marca.
Influencer marketing: las opiniones que se buscan para influenciar son las de líderes, expertos.
Brand blogging: a través de un blog, la empresa o marca genera una relación espontánea y directa con el cliente , en la cual prima la confiana y el intercambio de iguales.

En épocas de crisis, la estrategia de marketing de las marcas debe estar orientada a conectarse con el consumidor, a conversar con él o ella, a pedirle su opinión, a obtener información de primera mano sobre sus demandas, sus gustos y necesidades.

La dinámica de una red social, para ser exitosa, tiene que propiciar un intercambio entre clientes y clientes potenciales, no debe ser intrusivo sino participativo y hacer que los miembros de su comunidad o red divulgen de forma natural el producto o servicio.

Ya sea que el marketing participativo sea su único medio de promoción y publicidad o que inetgre un mix compuesto por estrategias tradicionales y participativas, nunca olvide que el boca-oreja se puede (y debe) generar. Los tiempos que corren no pueden esperar a un marketing de generación espontánea.

Fuente: Marketing y Empresa


Whose Word-of-Mouth Matters?


Real friends more believable than online friends.

Word-of-mouth recommendations can move consumers to make a purchase.

Word-of-blog, on the other hand, is far less persuasive.

According to Mintel, 34% of US Internet users who bought a product or service based on a recommendation got that tip from a friend or relative, while one-quarter bought based on advice from a spouse or domestic partner.


Lower on the list were bloggers and chat rooms.

While bloggers may bring buzz to a product, converting the buzz to sales is another matter—unless, of course, the blogger is a friend.

“It’s interesting to find that as much time as we spend online, we still prefer a personal recommendation from someone we know and trust,” said Chris Haack of Mintel.

The most common reason that Internet users recommended a product or service was price, followed by quality and convenience.


The sheer number of people that purchase based on recommendations proves marketers need to pay attention to word-of-mouth,” said Mr. Haack.

Build a good product and consumers will spread the word—probably to people they actually know.

For more information, see Trust Word-of-Mouth.

Fuente: emarketer